Red mangroves have adaptations including:
- Prop roots which help anchor them in loose mud and protect them from strong winds, waves, and tides.
- Thick waxy green leaves that lose little precious fresh water to evaporation
- Special provisions to transport oxygen from the aerial roots to the roots submerged and embedded in the anaerobic muck below.
- The seeds begin to grow roots while attached to the tree.
- Salt pores on the leaves to get rid of excess salt.
Black mangroves have adaptations that include:
- Pneumatophers which are shallow roots that grow horizontally and send up vertical shoots that brings oxygen to the rest of the root.
- Cuticle coating the leaves to help store water.
- Black mangrove roots can filter 90 percent of the salt from sea water but the leaves take care of the rest.
- Black mangroves have chloroplasts and chlorophyll like other producers to produce its own food.
- Vivipary and dispersal are reproductive adaptations that give mangroves an increased chance for survival.
- Victoria Mehlhaff -